LITERATURE: BOOKS

Norms in the Wild

Is it possible to change social expectations around forced marriage, genital mutilations, and public health practices like vaccinations and sanitation? If so, how? What tools might we use? This short book explores how social norms work, and how changing them – changing preferences, beliefs, and especially social expectations – can potentially improve lives all around the world.

Grammar of Society

Drawing on several intellectual traditions and methods, including those of social psychology, experimental economics and evolutionary game theory, Bicchieri provides an integrated account of how social norms emerge, why and when we follow them, and the situations where we are most likely to focus on relevant norms.

LITERATURE: OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Collective Action on Corruption in Nigeria

This report aims to diagnose what drives corrupt behavior in Nigeria, and the types of beliefs that support practices understood to be corrupt. The findings present new evidence of the social beliefs and expectations that influence some day-to-day forms of corruption in Nigeria. Fuller details of the survey and associated research are given in the body of the report, as well as in the annex to the main text.

Social Determinants of Open Defecation: Phase One Materials

In the first phase of our study of the social determinants of open defecation in India, we have produced a report detailing how social networks influence latrine ownership, demographic predictors of ownership and use, and how our findings differ from existing literature. To request access to the report and related materials, please complete the hyperlinked form.

Applying Social Norms Theory in CATS Programming

The primary goal of this document is to provide the necessary information on the importance, nature and application of the theory of social norms to sanitation specialists. This document distills insights from joint collaborations with UNICEF, and aims to promote positive social change with regard to many harmful collective patterns of behavior related to sanitation.

Social Norms Manual: Zimbabwe and Swaziland

A Social Norms Manual produced for Zimbabwe and Swaziland as part of the UNICEF Office of Research’s Multi-Country Study on the Drivers of Violence Affecting Children. This manual serves as a guide to key concepts in the social norms framework with examples pertaining to the countries and programming areas.

UNICEF Pakistan: WASH Sustainability Check

This study focuses on Rural ODF Status (exclusive latrine use in ODF certified villages – behavioral sustainability) and continued functionality of RWSS (drinking water only) in the geographic region of two provinces in Pakistan, Sindh and Punjab. Our chief role was to develop, integrate and analyze social norms measures as part of the larger sustainability check. This report presents those methods, measures and findings.

Social Norms Manual: Viet Nam, Indonesia and the Philippines

Drawing on several intellectual traditions and methods, including those of social psychology, experimental economics and evolutionary game theory, Bicchieri provides an integrated account of how social norms emerge, why and when we follow them, and the situations where we are most likely to focus on relevant norms.

LITERATURE: ARTICLES

Female genital mutilation: Fundamentals, social expectations and Change
Bicchieri, C. & Marini, A. (forthcoming).
Norms, conventions, and the power of expectation.
Bicchieri, C. (2015). In N. Cartwright & E. Montuschi (Eds.), Philosophy of social science: A new introduction (pp. 208-232). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
On the emergence of descriptive norms.
Muldoon, R., Lisciandra, C., Bicchieri, C., Hartmann, S., & Sprenger, J. (2014). Politics, Philosophy & Economics,13(1), 3-22. doi:10.1177/1470594X12447791
A social norms perspective on child marriage,
Bicchieri, C., Lindemans, J.W., & Jiang, T. (2014). UNICEF.
Norm manipulation, norm evasion: experimental evidence.
Bicchieri, C., & Chavez, A. K. (2013). Economics and Philosophy, 29(02), 175-198.
Social Norms
Bicchieri, C. & Muldoon, R., (2011) The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Norms, preferences and conditional behavior.
Bicchieri, C. (2010). Politics, Philosophy and Economics, 9(3), 297-313. doi: 10.1177/1470594X10369276
Do the right thing: but only if others do so.
Bicchieri, C. & Xiao, E. (2009). Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 22(2), 191-208.
Can trust facilitate bribery? Experimental evidence from China, Italy, Japan and the Netherlands
Bicchieri, C., Willem, J.W., & Jiang, T., Social Cognition, 5, 484-504.
Norms and beliefs: How change occurs.
Bicchieri, C. & Mercier H. (2014). In M. Xenitidou & B. Edmonds (Eds.) The complexity of social norms (pp. 37-54). New York, NY: Springer International Publishing.
Why are there descriptive norms? Because we looked for them.
Muldoon, R., Lisciandra, C., & Hartmann, S. (2014). Synthese, 191(18), 4409-4429.
A structured approach to a diagnostic of collective practices.
Bicchieri, C., Lindemans, J.W., & Jiang, T. (2014). Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1418.
Is participation contagious? Evidence from a household vector control campaign in urban Peru.
Bicchieri, C. & Buttenheim, A. (2013). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 68, 103-109.
Trustworthiness is a social norm, but trusting is not.
Bicchieri, C., Xiao, E., & Muldoon, R. (2011). Philosophy, Politics and Economics, 10(2), 170-187. doi:10.1177/1470594X10387260
Behaving as expected: Public information and fairness norms.
Bicchieri, C. & Chavez, A. (2010).Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 23(2), 161-178.

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