Working with the Gates Foundation, we are in the midst of a three-year study analyzing Social Networks and Social Norms related to open defecation in the Bihar and Tamil Nadu regions of India. Developing culturally appropriate social measures and survey questions, we are in the process of unpacking the core social motivators for a host of OD-related behaviors. Credit for the above image goes to Elisha George.
You can read a report covering the first phase of this project in the literature page of our website, and you can find some news coverage about the project at the Penn Current, originally published on July 21, 2016. Photos that members of our research group have taken while traveling for this project can be found below.